U.S. English Sentence Structure Test (For Writing Professionals)

U.S. English Sentence Structure Test (For Writing Professionals)

 

Identify, in order as they appear, the types of connecting and transitional words underlined in the following sentence.

Marta had a strong Argentine accent, even though her father was Macedonian and her mother Irish.

a. Subordinating conjunction, coordinating conjunction
b. Subordinating conjunction, conjunctive adverb
c. Conjunctive adverb, subordinating conjunction


Identify, in order as they appear, the types of modifiers underlined in the following sentence.

Hands clasped in my lap, I would sit for hours and watch that silly pigeon as he nestled on my windowsill and stared at me silently.

a. Appositive phrase, adjective, participial phrase, adverb
b. Participial phrase, adverb,prepositional phrase, adjective
c. Absolute phrase, adjective, prepositional phrase, adverb
d. Absolute phrase, adjective, infinitive phrase, adjective


Identify the type and function of the underlined clause in the following sentence.

Charles, who is insufferably immature for his age, is only interested in trivial subjects and stupid jokes.

a. Noun clause acting as predicate nominative
b. Noun clause acting as subject
c. Adjective clause modifying “Charles”


Identify, in order as they appear, the underlined parts of the sentence below.

I bought the little boy with the lopsided grin a lollipop.

a. Indirect object, complex direct object
b. Complex direct object, indirect object
c. Direct object, complex indirect object
d. Complex indirect object, direct object


Identify the type and function of the underlined clause in the following sentence.

Alexandra turned and sprinted down the driveway because she could not tolerate Jude’s presence even one second longer.

a. Noun clause acting as object
b. Adverb clause answering the question “when?”
c. Adjective clause modifying “Alexandra”
d. Adverb clause answering the question “why?”


Identify the type of phrase underlined in the following sentence.

The cat ran herself ragged chasing that cricket around the yard all day.

a. Prepositional phrase
b. Appositive phrase
c. Infinitive phrase
d. Noun phrase


Identify, in order as they appear, the types of phrases underlined in the following sentence.

The use of noisemakers, an intolerable practice, has been banned until further notice.

a. Infinitive phrase, absolute phrase, gerund phrase
b. Noun phrase, appositive phrase, prepositional phrase
c. Noun phrase, appositive phrase, participial phrase
d. Gerund phrase, prepositional phrase, noun phrase


Which of the following statements about phrases is false?

a. Noun phrases can act as subjects, direct or indirect objects, subject or object complements, and objects of a preposition.
b. Participial phrases always act as adjectives.
c. Infinitive phrases can act as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns.
d. Gerund phrases always act as nouns.
e. b and d
f. None of the above statements is false.


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